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Build Your Own Greenhouse from Plastic Bottles

By: Dr Gareth Evans - Updated: 1 May 2016 | comments*Discuss
Greenhouse Grow Your Own Food Plastic

Here’s a great practical project for the whole family – turn used plastic bottles into a greenhouse, and then enjoy the chance to grow some of your own food once you’ve finished. Some of the heavier construction work is probably going to be adults-only – or older kids at least – but there’s still plenty that can be done by smaller children and the basic idea can be adapted to make everything from a small cold frame to a really sizeable greenhouse. It’s a particularly good project for schools or large groups – but even with dozens of willing hands, it’s a big undertaking, so it’s not going to get done in an afternoon!

Getting Started

Clearly, the first thing to do is collect the bottles. Two-litre clear plastic bottles are the best to choose – but remember, if you’re planning on a full size greenhouse, you’re going to need 1,000 or more, so don’t waste any time getting started.

The bottles will need to be washed, have their labels removed, tops discarded and then have their bottoms cut off with a pair of scissors, in readiness for use. A little appropriate supervision may be called for here, since quite aside of the scissors themselves, the cut surfaces can be surprisingly sharp too. It’s probably a good idea to do this as you go along, rather than wait until you have the whole lot to do at once, which is probably going to be a bit of a daunting task, not to mention tiring!

Preparing The Frame

The basic structure of the greenhouse is made up from rows of bottles, threaded onto garden canes and then fixed to a wooden frame, made from lengths of 2-inch x 2-inch timber. How large the frame needs to be obviously depends on the size of the greenhouse you’re wanting to make.

It works like this. The bottles are stacked one inside another, with a garden cane running through the gap where the cap used to be, to produce a long plastic tube; the last bottle in the line is turned round to face in the opposite direction, so that you have a bottle neck at each end. Once completed, each one is fixed to the frame using fencing staples, or nailed through holes drilled in the cane. Keep on adding the bottle tubes until the whole thing is covered to form one of the panels of the greenhouse.

Building The Greenhouse

The greenhouse door can be very easily made as a separate smaller frame, with hinges attaching it to the rest of the front wall panel and a simple flat or pent-roofed design is probably the easiest choice for a first project. If you add a length of guttering and a water butt when you’ve completed the construction, you’ll be well set up to harvest the rain to help you water the plants you’re eventually going to be growing.

To keep the whole thing anchored to the ground, four 4-inch square fence posts should be driven or cemented into the ground at the corners of where the greenhouse is to be sited. Then the individual frames are simply screwed onto these posts once the cement has set, and that’s pretty much your greenhouse ready for use.

Materials List

The quantities of materials you’ll need obviously varies with the size and shape of greenhouse but as a general guide, for a flat-roofed one that’s around 8ft x 6ft x 6ft high you’ll need:

  • Plastic Bottles – 1,600
  • 6ft garden canes – 150
  • 4-inch square x 8ft fence posts – 4
  • 2-inch square x 6ft (side, front and back frames) – 12
  • 2-inch square x 8ft (side and roof frames) – 6
  • 2-inch square x 7ft (roof frame) – 2
You’ll also need a supply of hinges, suitable screws, fencing staples and cement.

Making your own greenhouse from plastic bottles is a great way to turn “waste” into something really useful. It takes a bit of effort, certainly, but the end result is a very eco-friendly building that should allow you to grow your own fruit, vegetables and garden plants for years to come – and at the fraction of the economic or energy costs of a traditional glasshouse. All from a few drinks bottles; now that can’t be bad!

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[Add a Comment]
Jenn - Your Question:
Any suggestions on an alternative to the bamboo sticks? We are building a rather large structure and bamboo is cost prohibitive for our organization.

Our Response:
Anything of a similar length and a diameter that will alllow it to be threaded through the bottles. Ask your members or local businesses for donations...maybe old metal or sturdy plastic tubing would do the job and you would still be recycling!
EcoFriendlyKids - 4-May-16 @ 12:03 PM
Any suggestions on an alternative to the bamboo sticks? We are building a rather large structure and bamboo is cost prohibitive for our organization.
Jenn - 1-May-16 @ 5:35 PM
Will these greenhouses work in the uk.? I am trying to plant some fruits that are not available in the UK.will they grow?
Rasta - 18-Jul-15 @ 10:42 PM
Hello, I love this idea! I want to construct a plastic bottle greenhouse for our community garden with the help of some local adolescence. As I'm compiling a list of building materials and contacting local suppliers, I'm seeing that this project will be quite expensive! The bamboo canes are the most costly at $2.99 per 6ft piece. At 150 that's over $500 just for the bamboo! Are bamboo canes similarly priced outside of Canada?
TDoss - 6-Jul-15 @ 4:35 PM
@Roop. Good Luck. Let us know how you get on.
EcoFriendlyKids - 14-May-15 @ 2:42 PM
I've just opened a day nursery and we are planning on being as Eco friendly as possible. I've just been given two black bags of two litre bottle so can't wait to start! Long way to go yet but looking forward to seeing it develop :-)
Roop - 10-May-15 @ 8:04 PM
@Sev. The colour affects the total level of light getting to the plants. A clear plastic will of course allow the most light in. Blue and green plastic will also transmit light but only in blue to blue-green wavelengths, cutting out a lot of light in the red wavelengths. Red light is the most efficient waveband for plant growth. So brown, green or blue...not advisale for efficient plant growth.
EcoFriendlyKids - 6-May-15 @ 2:45 PM
Hi, I'm planning to build a greenhouse out of plastic bottles. The website has been very useful but I need to know whether green or brown bottles are suitable to use for this as well? Are there any issues with different wavelengths of light passing through? Many thanks.
Sev - 30-Apr-15 @ 11:44 AM
My teacher is making me a dumb assignment. lousy webpage
thor - 2-Apr-15 @ 4:50 PM
@Kay-kay - why not try using the small plastic bottles? Eg. The 500 and 750ml versions?
EcoFriendlyKids - 15-Jan-15 @ 2:38 PM
I am making a portable green house and i need it smaller like about the size of half a water bottle.
Kay-Kay - 14-Jan-15 @ 4:11 PM
@William Hall. That's great! Any photos?
EcoFriendlyKids - 3-Sep-14 @ 12:39 PM
Village primary school have just built one, very proud of them.
William Hall - 2-Sep-14 @ 4:01 PM
Hi nice website. I think this great website can show people how great you are in creating things like this wonderfull green house out of bottles and so cool the way you used those bottles, most time people cut their hands by bottles.Nice!You have the best website i have ever seen since the time i heard about Julia Donaldson!!!!!!
miley12superG - 20-Feb-14 @ 12:35 PM
Hi, as it's a temp structure you shouldn't need planning perm.
charlie - 16-Nov-12 @ 7:22 PM
Hi, I am also looking into building an eco greenhouse out of plastic bottles with students from local schools. However, I seem to have hit a stumbling block internally in regards to planning permission. Apparently, such a build would require planning permission from the local authority even if the structure is in the school grounds. Could anyone please advise whether they have encountered similar problems and the way they got around them? Thanks!
Michelle - 9-Nov-12 @ 8:45 AM
This is awesome site- love the green house out of bottles....!!
cara - 17-Apr-12 @ 7:40 PM
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